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Dawat-e-Islami, the Pakistan based Sunni group linked to Udaipur tailor Kanhaiya Lal’s murderer

Dawat-e-Islami, the Pakistan based Sunni group linked to Udaipur tailor Kanhaiya Lal’s murderer

day after the brutal murder of the tailor in Udaipur, Rajasthan Police said that Ghouse Mohammad, one of the two accused in the case, had gone to Karachi in Pakistan in 2014 and had links with Dawat-e-Islami.

Dawat-e-Islami and terrorism

While Dawat-e-Islami claims to be a non-political and non-violent religious group inspired by Sufi tradition, and so far there’s no evidence of its direct involvement as a group in any terrorist act, this isn’t the first time the group’s name has come up in a terrorism investigation. In fact, there have been multiple incidents in the past where its followers went on to carry out terrorist attacks.

The last time Dawat-e-Islami’s name came up during an investigation into a terrorist attack was back in 2020, when a Pakistani terrorist named Zaheer Hassan Mehmood carried out a stabbing attack on September 25th outside the former headquarters of French satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo in Paris. Two people were wounded in the stabbing attack and the terrorist was arrested.

During the investigation of the attack, French authorities discovered that Zaheer claimed that his religious guide was Maulana Ilyas Qadri, the leader of Dawat-e-Islami.

At the time, Zaheer’s father said in an interview to Pakistani media said that he is “proud” of his son who has “done a great job” and he is “very happy” about the attack. He said that Zaheer “was a good son” who prayed regularly and attended Milad twice a year. His father also confirmed that he was a follower of Maulana Qadri, the leader and founder of the Dawat-e-Islami organisation. Zaheer’s father had appealed to the then government of Imran Khan as well as to other Islamic countries to help bring his son home. “He has done service in the cause of Islam and we are a Muslim country,” he was quoted as saying.

Mumtaz Qadri, the murderer of Pakistani governor Salman Taseer, was also a follower of Dawat-e-Islami and its leader Ilyas Qadri, who declared Mumtaz Qadri a ‘ghazi’.

Ilyas Qadri has declared that “all Muslim scholars agree that a blasphemer must be killed but it is up to an Islamic government to execute the punishment. However, if a lover of the Prophet kills a blasphemer extra-judicially, as per Islamic jurisprudence, the killer is not executed”.

Qadri has also declared that “Hanafi jurists say that one who publicly eats in daylight during Ramadan should be killed. However, the culprit is to be killed by the authorities of a true Islamic state, not by ordinary Muslims.”

Following the murder of Salman Taseer, the Pakistani security apparatus rang alarm bells over the growing influence of Dawat-e-Islami and even decided to curtail the activities of the organisation in their ranks.

2016 murder of a British-Pakistani Ahmaddiya Muslim man named Asad Shah in Glasgow also produced links with Dawat-e-Islami. The murderer, a British-Pakistani Barelvi Muslim named Tanveer Ahmed, was affiliated with Dawat-e-Islami and was revealed to be an admirer of Mumtaz Qadri. Ahmed was sentenced to life imprisonment with a minimum term of 27 years.

Who are Dawat-e-Islami?

Dawat-e-Islami is a Sunni Islamic organisation based in Pakistan which operates several Islamic educational institutions in Pakistan as well in others parts of the world. In addition to charity campaigning locally, Dawat-e-Islami also offers online courses in Islamic studies. The organisation also runs a television station, Madani Channel, which is very popular among followers of Barelvi movement.

Barelvi is a revivalist movement following the Sunni Hanafi school of jurisprudence, with over 200 million followers in South Asia and in parts of Europe, America and Africa.

Dawat-e-Islami was officially founded in Karachi in September 1981 by a group of Sunni scholars, who selected Maulana Ilyas Qadri as its main leader.

Arshadul Qaudri and Islamic scholar Shah Ahmad Noorani, since 1973 head of the Jamiat Ulema-e-Pakistan (JUP), along with other Pakistani Sunni scholars, selected Ilyas Qadri, who was the then Punjab president of Anjuman Tulaba-ye Islm, JUP´s youth wing, as the head of Dawat-e-Islami at Dr-ul ´ulm Amjadia.

It was established initially to dilute the influence of Tablighi Jamaat.

The group claims to be non-political and non-violent and describes itself as a movement for the preaching of the Quran and Sunnah.

Ilyas Qadri cites Imam Ahmed Raza Khan (1856-1921), a preeminent Barelvi Islamic scholar who is considered to be the most highly regarded leader of the Barelvi movement, to be a singular source of guidance and inspiration in his mission.

In the early 1990s, an internal dispute caused the breakaway of a Mumbai-based group now known as Sunni Dawat-e-Islami from the larger group. The Mumbai-based Sunni Dawat-e-Islami is led by Shakir Ali Noori.

Dawat-e-Islami is operating its Madani Channel since 2009, which was initially launched with Urdu broadcasts but later three more channels in English, Arabic and Bengali were also launched. Madni Channel does not take commercial advertisements and instead runs on charity. It claims that its programs spread “the true teachings of Islam”.

The organisation claims it has spread into 194 nations through 26000+ workers, volunteers and evangelists who spread the teachings of the group. The two most significant activities of Dawat-e-Islami are Madani Qafila (missionary travel) and Naik Amal (self-assessment questionnaires). As part of Madani Qafila, the followers or volunteers travel for specific number of days to spread the group’s teachings.

The group also boasts that it has converted many non-Muslims to Islam as part of its Madani Qafila trips.

Dawat-e-Islami has been holding large Muslim gatherings not just in South Asian Muslim majority countries like Pakistan, Bangladesh, where its religious message is propagated, but it has also managed to expand to Western nations like the United Kingdom, United States of America and Canada. The group claims that these large events are financed with the help of generous donors.

It has also expanded to the United Kingdom, where it has so far held several events. As of December 2019, it had at least 38 properties in the United Kingdom which are used as a network of mosques, Islamic centers, schools and/or to hold religious gatherings. The group claims that over 100,000 British Muslims are in some form or the other associated with it in the UK.

Dawat-e-Islami operates around twelve religious centers in Greece, where it has also developed association with local Sufis, and around seven in Spain.

In addition to mosques, Dawat-e-Islami also operates a chain of Islamic schools called Dar-ul-Madinah, which it claims aims to improve conventional academic studies in conformity with Sharia. Dar-ul-Madinah chain of Islamic schools have campuses throughout Pakistan, according to its own website.

Dawat-e-Islami also operates Jamia-tul-Madina, a chain of Islamic universities in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Kenya, Sri Lanka, Mauritius, South Africa, United Kingdom, Hong Kong, Mozambique and the United States of America. The Jamia-tul-Madina are also known as Faizan-e-Madina. In Bangladesh, Jamia-tul-Madina has produced Islamic scholars who have also served in the United Kingdom and helped spread Dawat-e-Islami’s teachings in Europe.

The group also operates Madrasa-tul Madina, a chain of Islamic madrassas with 3790 branches and approximately 169,000 boys and girls, who study free of charge in these institutions.

A charity organisation named Faizan Global Relief Foundation (FGRF), which claims to be an international welfare organisation dedicated to ensuring the well-being of Muslims all around the world and providing help in the event of disaster, is also operated by Dawat-e-Islami.

(Faran Jeffery is the Deputy Director of Islamic Theology of Counter Terrorism (ITCT), a UK-based Counter Islamist Terrorism think tank)

Bangladeshi Navy detains 135 Indian fishermen, seizes 8 trawlers

Bangladeshi Navy detains 135 Indian fishermen, seizes 8 trawlers

The Bangladesh Navy detained 135 Indian fishermen along with eight fishing trawlers from the Bay of Bengal for illegally entering Bangladesh waters. While patrolling the deep sea on Monday night, Navy personnel conducted two raids and detained the Indian fishermen.

Bagerhat district police media cell official SM Ashraful Alam said that the naval ships Banauja Pratya and Ali Haider were on patrol at sea during which 68 Indian fishermen with four trawlers were arrested in the first phase.

Later, on the same team, in another drive, the Navy detained 67 more fishermen and seized four trawlers, he said.

The market value of the seized items, including fish, is estimated to be Tk 3.80 crore.

Mohammad Monirul Islam, the officer-in-charge of Mongla Police Station, said the Navy had handed over six fishermen, including four trawlers.

A police report has been filed for illegally entering Bangladeshi waters and fishing. The arrested Indian fishermen have also been sent to jail by the Bagerhat Chief Judicial Magistrate’s Court, said Monirul Islam.

Relations Directorate said the fishermen were handed over to the Mongla police station in Bagerhat on Tuesday.

According to the notification, considering the breeding season of marine fish, the government has banned fishing in the sea for 65 days from May 20 to July 23. Navy ships and maritime patrol aircraft are on regular patrol to enforce the ban.

India vs South Africa T20I Series: Five Talking Points

India vs South Africa T20I Series: Five Talking Points

The recently-concluded India vs South Africa series saw an anti-climax as the decider match got washed out due to rain. However, by then, the spectators had already witnessed a neck-and-neck contest between the two sides that saw the series being drawn 2-2. It started with the Proteas’ authority and concluded with a memorable comeback by Team India. Though the final match couldn’t take place, the series gave a good opportunity to both the sides to test themselves ahead of the T20 World Cup in Australia later this year.

It is worth noting that the Indian team missed its key players like Virat Kohli, Rohit Sharma, KL RahulJasprit Bumrah and Mohammed Shami in the series and hence it was a great opportunity for the side to test its bench strength.

 

While some players grabbed the opportunity with both hands, others failed to live up to the expectations. Here we have listed five talking points from the series from India’s point of view.

1. Ishan Kishan Rules The Roost

The southpaw meant business from the word go. He finished the series as the highest run-getter. Kishan scored 206 runs across five games at an average of 41.20 and a strike rate of 150.36. He scored two half-centuries in the series and the confidence in his batting was upfront.

 

2. Shreyas Iyer‘s struggle with the bat

Despite getting a couple of good starts in the series, Iyer failed to take his innings deep. The right-handed batter scored 94 runs across the first four games at an average of 23.50. His highest score in the series was 40.

 

3. Hardik Pandya back in finisher’s role

The star all-rounder’s versatility was once again the cynosure of all eyes after he played the finisher’s role to perfection despite playing a different role with the bat in IPL 2022. He scored 117 runs at an average of 58.50 and a strike rate of 153.94.

 

4. Dinesh Karthik‘s red-hot form

Be it IPL 2022 or international cricket, there is hardly anything that seems to be stopping Dinesh Karthik. Raring for a return to the national for long, Karthik grabbed his first opportunity with both the hands. He played the finisher’s role for India in the series with a strike rate of 158.62. In the fourth T20I, he had bagged the Player of the Match award for his 55 off 27.

5. Economical Bhuvneshwar Kumar

While the first T20I saw Bhuvneshwar Kumar leaking runs at almost 11 per over (43/1 in four overs), the rest of the three games saw him conceding at a rate of even less than six runs over. Overall, Bhuvi picked six wickets at an economy rate of 6.07.

Elgar Parishad Case: Activist Stan Swamy, 84, Passes Away Ahead of Hearing on Bail Plea

Elgar Parishad Case: Activist Stan Swamy, 84, Passes Away Ahead of Hearing on Bail Plea

New Delhi: 

Stan Swamy, an 84-year-old priest-activist arrested under an anti-terror law in the Elgar Parishad case last year, died this afternoon in the middle of his fight for bail on health grounds. The Jesuit priest had been on a ventilator since yesterday when his health worsened drastically.

Stan Swamy was being treated at the private Holy Family Hospital in Mumbai following a court order on May 28. The National Investigation Agency (NIA) had opposed a private hospital and had recommended JJ Hospital, to which, he had said: “I’d rather die here in prison.”

Jailed near Mumbai since October, Stan Swamy spent the last few months of his life fighting legal battles for even the smallest of needs. In December, he was allowed a straw and a sipper in jail, which he had requested in court on account of Parkinson’s disease.

The NIA, which arrested him in October from his home in a widely criticized late-night swoop, opposed his bail request in court and had said there was no “conclusive proof” of his medical ailments. The agency held firm to its argument that Stan Swamy was a Maoist who had plotted to cause unrest in the country.

Stan Swamy had told the High Court via video-conferencing that his health had consistently declined at the Taloja prison in Navi Mumbai and if he was not granted interim bail, he “would die soon”. He had requested medical treatment and interim bail multiple times.

Last week, Stan Swamy had filed a fresh plea for bail in the Bombay High Court, challenging the stringent conditions for bail to an accused charged under the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (UAPA)Act. When the hearing started today, his lawyer told the High Court that the activist had died at 1.30 pm.

His body will be handed over to Father Fraser Mascarenhas, the local parish priest.

Soon after the news, there were messages and tributes.

“Heartfelt condolences on the passing of Father Stan Swamy. He deserved justice and humaneness,” tweeted Congress leader Rahul Gandhi.

Chinese President Xi Jinping angry after eating mouthful of Indian Army in Pangong, party not happy too

Chinese President Xi Jinping angry after eating mouthful of Indian Army in Pangong, party not happy too

President Xi Jinping’s action on the night of August 29-30 at the deadlocked site in the Pangong So area on the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in eastern Ladakh has not gone down. Xi Jinping is reportedly said to be angry with the Indian Army’s action on the border. The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) is also not happy with the Indian Army’s action on the LAC.

Earlier, on June 15, Chinese President Xi Jinping had his 67th birthday. Even then, on the night of 15 June, the army of India and China clashed in the Galvan valley. The Chinese army suffered heavy losses in this, although China never accepted it and no figures were revealed. The impact of the loss to the Chinese army on the occasion of birthday was clearly seen on Jinping’s face.

Indeed, on the night of 29–30 August, Chinese troops tried to re-enter the standoff site in Pangong So area in eastern Ladakh, but were repulsed by the already prepared Indian jawans. Regarding the Pangons So area, the Indian Army said China’s PLA’s “provocative” military operation to change the status quo on the intervening night of August 29 and 30 was thwarted.

Army spokesman Colonel Aman Anand had said that China’s ‘People’s Liberation Army’ violated the previous consensus reached through military and diplomatic talks on the East Ladakh deadlock and launched a provocative military campaign to change the status quo.

Some media reports have alleged that the People’s Liberation Army commander retreated to avoid physical conflict in Spangur. Because of which the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party is angry. However, the media said that there is no concrete evidence yet. Even the action taken by the Indian Army on the Chinese social media platform about the ongoing tension on the border seems angry.

At the same time, China has refused to give any information about the abduction of 5 Indian citizens by the PLA. The Chinese Foreign Ministry once again denied Arunachal Pradesh as its own without refuting these allegations. A spokesman for the Chinese Foreign Ministry said that it is part of China’s South Tibet.

Prime Minister Hasina paid tribute to Pranab Mukherjee in Bangladesh parliament

Prime Minister Hasina paid tribute to Pranab Mukherjee in Bangladesh parliament

Bangladesh’s parliament on Sunday passed a resolution condoling the demise of former President of India Pranab Mukherjee and Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina paid tribute to Mukherjee, saying he was a true friend of Bangladesh.

Hasina said in Parliament, “He was a true friend of Bangladesh since the 1971 liberation war”. The Parliament passed a motion of condolence on the demise of Mukherjee and several distinguished citizens of Bangladesh. Mukherjee died in New Delhi on Monday. He was hospitalized for 21 days.

The Bangladesh government announced on Tuesday that it will be offering a day of state mourning over the demise of the country’s ‘true friend’.

Hasina recalled Mukherjee’s personal support to himself and his family during the exile in Bangladesh after the August 15, 1975 coup in Bangladesh.